A tour around the 5th with Mme. Lazerges 17th - 19th Jan 2013 https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/ A tour around the 5th with Mme. Lazerges 17th - 19th Jan 2013 Tour of the 5th arrondissement Mme. Lazerge kindly took us around the 5th - the quartier where she was born - and showed us the less visited areas. https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090639 173090639 Catherine & Caroline - wrapped up against the cold! https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090640 173090640 Rue des Ecoles https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090641 173090641 Catherine & Esmeralda outside the Sorbonne (the old university of Paris) The University of Paris (French: Université de Paris) was a university in Paris, France, and one of the earliest to be established in Europe. It was founded in the middle of the 12th century and was officially recognized as a university from between 1160 and 1250 approximately. After many changes, including a century of suspension (from 1793 to 1896), it ceased to exist in 1970, and thirteen autonomous universities were created at the same time to succeed it. The university is often referred to as the Sorbonne or la Sorbonne, after the collegiate institution (Collège de Sorbonne) founded around 1257 by Robert de Sorbon, although the university was never completely centered on the Sorbonne. Of the thirteen current successor universities, four have premises in the historical Sorbonne building, and three of them include "Sorbonne" in their names. The universities in Paris are now independent from each other, and some of them fall within the Créteil or Versailles education authorities instead of the Parisian one. Some residual administrative functions of the thirteen universities are formally supervised by a common chancellor, the rector of the Paris education authority, whose offices are in the Sorbonne. https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090642 173090642 Musée national du Moyen Âge The Musée national du Moyen Âge, formerly Musée de Cluny, officially known as the Musée national du Moyen Âge - Thermes et hôtel de Cluny (National Museum of the Middle Ages - Cluny thermal baths and mansion), is a museum in Paris, France. It is located in the 5th arrondissement at 6 Place Paul Painlevé, south of the Boulevard Saint-Germain, between the Boulevard Saint-Michel and the Rue Saint-Jacques. Among the principal holdings of the museum are the six La Dame à la Licorne (The Lady and the Unicorn) tapestries. https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090643 173090643 Musée national du Moyen Âge https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090644 173090644 Musée national du Moyen Âge https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090645 173090645 https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090646 173090646 Boulevard Saint-Michel The Boulevard Saint-Michel is one of the two major streets in the Latin Quarter of Paris (the other being the Boulevard Saint-Germain). It is a tree-lined boulevard which runs south from the pont Saint-Michel on the Seine river and the Place Saint-Michel, crosses the boulevard Saint-Germain and continues alongside the Sorbonne and the Luxembourg gardens, ending at the Place Camille Jullian just before the Port-Royal railway station and the avenue de l'Observatoire. It was created by Baron Haussmann to run parallel to the rue Saint-Jacques which marks the historical north-south axis of Paris. The man walking to the left of us later fell over flat on his face the poor thing! No damage though - just a sore nose. https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090647 173090647 Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève Sainte-Geneviève Library (French: Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève) inherited the writings and collections of one of the largest and oldest abbeys in Paris. Founded in the sixth century by Clovis I and subject to the rule of St Benedict, it was initially dedicated to the apostles Peter and Paul. In 512 the body of St Genevieve, later the patron saint of Paris was buried there and in time became the new dedication. The monastery was repeatedly plundered by the Normans in the ninth and tenth centuries, yet increased activity is visible in the early eleventh century. Subsequent decadence led to a reform in 1148 promoted by the abbot of Saint-Denis, Suger, then regent of France. The Canons Regular of St Augustine were installed at the abbey until the Revolution, maintaining the library and a school of copyists. The oldest known manuscript from the library of the abbey, now preserved at the Public Library of Soissons (ms 80) is an ex-libris of the twelfth century: Iste liber is Sancte Genovefa parisiensis. As was the custom in ecclesiastical libraries, this mark of ownership is accompanied by a threatened penalty for anyone daring to steal the book or simply mask the ex-libris: Quicumque furatus eum fuerit, vel celaverit, vel ab ecclesia subduxerit, vel titulum istum deleverit, anathema sit (Whoever steals this, or uses the offices of the church to withdraw it, or removes or otherwise conceals its title, he is anathema). A copy of the library catalogue, executed in the thirteenth century (Bibliothèque nationale de France, MS lat. 16,203, fol. 71V) reports of 226 volumes, of which only 3 or 4 can now be identified with certainty in the collections of Library Sainte-Genevieve. Besides the manuscripts inventoried - collections of sermons, canon law, the works of the fathers of the church, the glosses and commentaries on the Scriptures of Rabanus Maurus and the Venerable Bede--the abbey had certainly other books, bibles, missals or gradual, earmarked specifically for worship. But during the sixteenth century, weakening of community and misrule were due to dispersion of the volumes of the library. Many manuscripts, the library of the abbey tried to recover the next century, were then sold, sometimes at the price of paper. Reform resulted in the true foundation of the Royal Library Sainte-Genevieve. The names of 810 illustrious scholars are inscribed on the library facade. https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090652 173090652 Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090648 173090648 Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090649 173090649 Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090650 173090650 Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090651 173090651 Bibliothèque Sainte-Geneviève https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090653 173090653 https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090654 173090654 Saint-Étienne-du-Mont Saint-Étienne-du-Mont is a church in Paris, France, located on the Montagne Sainte-Geneviève in the Ve arrondissement, near the Panthéon. It contains the shrine of St. Geneviève, the patron saint of Paris. The church also contains the tombs of Blaise Pascal and Jean Racine. Jean-Paul Marat is buried in the church's cemetery. The sculpted tympanum, the The Stoning of Saint Stephen, is the work of French sculptor Gabriel-Jules Thomas. Renowned organist, composer, and improviser Maurice Duruflé held the post of Titular Organist at Saint-Étienne-du-Mont from 1929 until his death in 1986. https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090655 173090655 Saint-Étienne-du-Mont https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090656 173090656 Saint-Étienne-du-Mont https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090657 173090657 Saint-Étienne-du-Mont https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090658 173090658 Saint-Étienne-du-Mont https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090659 173090659 Saint-Étienne-du-Mont https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090660 173090660 Saint-Étienne-du-Mont https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090661 173090661 Saint-Étienne-du-Mont https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090662 173090662 Saint-Étienne-du-Mont https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090663 173090663 Saint-Étienne-du-Mont https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090664 173090664 Saint-Étienne-du-Mont https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090665 173090665 https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090666 173090666 https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090667 173090667 The Lycée Henri-IV The Lycée Henri-IV is a public secondary school located in Paris. Along with Louis-le-Grand it is widely regarded as one of the most demanding sixth-form colleges (lycées) in France. The school has more than 2,500 pupils from collège (the first four years of secondary education in France) to classes préparatoires (classes to prepare students for entrance to the elite Grandes écoles). Its motto is "Domus Omnibus Una" ("One House For All"). https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090668 173090668 https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090669 173090669 Arènes de Lutèce The Arènes de Lutèce are among the most important remains from the Gallo-Roman era in Paris (formerly known as Lutèce in French or Lutetia in Latin), together with the Thermes de Cluny. Lying in what is now the Quartier Latin, this amphitheater could once seat 15,000 people, and was used to present gladiatorial combats. https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090670 173090670 Arènes de Lutèce https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090671 173090671 Arènes de Lutèce https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090672 173090672 Panthéon, Paris The Panthéon is a building in the Latin Quarter in Paris. It was originally built as a church dedicated to St. Genevieve and to house the reliquary châsse containing her relics but, after many changes, now functions as a secular mausoleum containing the remains of distinguished French citizens. It is an early example of neoclassicism, with a façade modeled on the Pantheon in Rome, surmounted by a dome that owes some of its character to Bramante's "Tempietto". Located in the 5th arrondissement on the Montagne Sainte-Geneviève, the Panthéon looks out over all of Paris. Designer Jacques-Germain Soufflot had the intention of combining the lightness and brightness of the gothic cathedral with classical principles, but its role as a mausoleum required the great Gothic windows to be blocked. https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090673 173090673 Restaurant Le Comptoir, rue Soufflot https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090674 173090674 Restaurant Le Comptoir, rue Soufflot A "vin chaud" - hot red wine to warm up after our tour of the 5th arrondissement. https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090675 173090675 Restaurant Le Comptoir, rue Soufflot https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090676 173090676 Restaurant Le Comptoir, rue Soufflot https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090677 173090677 Restaurant Le Comptoir, rue Soufflot https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090678 173090678 https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090679 173090679 Cour de Cassation The Court of Cassation is France's court of last resort having jurisdiction over all matters triable in the judicial stream with scope of review in determining miscarriages of justice or in certifying questions of law. The Court is located in the Palais de Justice building in Paris. The Court is the court of final appeal for civil and criminal matters. As a judicial court, it does not hear cases involving claims against administrators or public bodies which generally fall within the purview of administrative courts, for which the Council of State acts as the supreme court of appeal. Nor does the Court adjudicate constitutional issues; instead, constitutional review lies solely with the Constitutional Council. Thus, France does not have one senior adjudicatory body but four (including the Jurisdictional Disputes Tribunal), and collectively, these four courts form the topmost tier of the court system. The Court was established in 1790 under the name Tribunal de cassation during the French Revolution, and its original purpose was to act as a court of error with revisory jurisdiction over lower provincial prerogative courts (Parlements). However, much about the Court continues the earlier Paris Parlement Court. https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090680 173090680 Le Conseil d'Etat The Conseil d?État advises the Government on the preparation of bills, ordinances and certain decrees. It also answers the Government?s queries on legal affairs and conducts studies upon the request of the Government or through its own initiative regarding administrative or public policy issues. The Conseil d?État is the highest administrative jurisdiction - it is the final arbiter of cases relating to executive power, local authorities, independent public authorities, public administration agencies or any other agency invested with public authority. In discharging the dual functions of judging as well as advising the Government, the Conseil d?État ensures that the French administration operates in compliance with the law. It is therefore one of the principal guarantees of the rule of law in the country. The Conseil d?État is also responsible for the day-to-day management of the administrative tribunals and courts of appeal. Every year, 130 bills, 800 decrees and 300 non-statutory texts are examined by the Conseil d?État. https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090681 173090681 Lunch break :) Oh look! There's a dog!! haha Catherine with the Paris Pratique! https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090682 173090682 Lunch break :) Nom, nom, nom... https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090683 173090683 Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Paris The cathedral suffered desecration during the radical phase of the French Revolution in the 1790s, when much of its religious imagery was damaged or destroyed. An extensive restoration supervised by Eugène Viollet-le-Duc removed remaining decoration, returning the cathedral to an 'original' gothic state. https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090684 173090684 Hôtel-Dieu de Paris https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090685 173090685 Statue of Charlemagne (outside the Notre-Dame) Charlemagne, or Charles the Great, was the emperor of the Frankish Kingdom (768 to 814) which covered large part of the Western Europe. The Frankish Kingdom was later split into three by his descendants; one of the those areas was Western Francia which became the foundation of modern France. https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090686 173090686 Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Paris https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090687 173090687 Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Paris https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090688 173090688 https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090689 173090689 The Seine The Seine is a 776 km (482 mile) long river and an important commercial waterway within the Paris Basin in the north of France. It rises at Source-Seine, 30 kilometres (19 miles) northwest of Dijon in northeastern France in the Langres plateau, flowing through Paris and into the English Channel at Le Havre (and Honfleur on the left bank). It is navigable by ocean-going vessels as far as Rouen, 120 km (75 miles) from the sea. Over 60% of its length, as far as Burgundy, is negotiable by commercial riverboats and nearly its whole length is available for recreational boating; excursion boats offer sightseeing tours of the Rive Droite and Rive Gauche within the city of Paris. There are 37 bridges within Paris and dozens more spanning the river outside the city. Examples in Paris include the Pont Louis-Philippe and Pont Neuf, the latter of which dates back to 1607. Outside the city, examples include the Pont de Normandie, one of the longest cable-stayed bridges in the world, which links Le Havre to Honfleur. https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090690 173090690 Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Paris https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090691 173090691 Hôtel-Dieu de Paris Regarded as the oldest hospital in the city of Paris, France, and is the most central of the Assistance publique - hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP) hospitals. The hospital is linked to the Faculté de Médecine Paris-Descartes. It still resides on the left bank of the Île de la Cité, next to Notre-Dame where the facility was originally built between the 7th and 17th centuries, with two buildings being linked by the pont au Double. Although the facility has been ravaged by disastrous fires on several occasions, the hospital remains in existence today (the current architecture dates back to 1877). As a symbol of charity and hospitality, it was the first hospital in Paris until the Renaissance. https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090692 173090692 Down to the Metro again! https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090693 173090693 Metro at Notre-Dame en route to Gare du Nord https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090694 173090694 Metro at Notre-Dame en route to Gare du Nord https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090695 173090695 Byeeee! Gare du Nord to catch the Eurostar..... see you soon! Paris Nord (or Gare du Nord, "North Station", is one of the six large terminus railway stations of the SNCF mainline network for Paris, France. It offers connections with several urban transportation lines, including Paris Métro, RER and Buses. By the number of travelers, at around 190 million per year, it is unmistakably the busiest railway station in Europe. The Gare du Nord is the station for trains to Northern France and to international destinations in Belgium, Germany, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. The station complex was designed by French architect Jacques Hittorff and built between 1861 and 1864. It is situated in the 10th arrondissement of Paris. https://keepingupwithrachel.webs.com/apps/photos/photo?photoID=173090696 173090696